[Characterization of sequences, expression profiling, and natural allelic variation analysis of the MYC gene family in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)].

Chai W, Yang B, Zhao S, Guo Z, Zhu L, Fan J, Yang W, Zhao W, Hao Y, Lü J, Sun W, Zhang C

Published: 25 April 2024 in Sheng wu gong cheng xue bao = Chinese journal of biotechnology
Keywords: MYC, Sporisorium reilianum, gene expression, natural allelic DNA variation, sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench), sugarcane aphid
Pubmed ID: 38658156
DOI: 10.13345/j.cjb.230641

Sorghum aphid (Melanaphis sacchari) and head smut fungi (Sporisorium reilianum) infesting sorghum cause delayed growth and development, and reduce yield and quality. This study use bioinformatics and molecular biological approaches to profile the gene expression pattern during sorghum development and under pest infestation, and analyzed the natural allelic DNA variation of sorghum MYC gene family. The findings provide insights for potential application in breeding the stress resistant and high productivity sorghum varieties. The results indicated that there are 28 MYC genes identified in sorghum genome, distributed on 10 chromosomes. The bHLH_MYC_N and HLH domains are the conserved domains of the MYC gene in sorghum. Gene expression analysis showed that SbbHLH35.7g exhibited high expression levels in leaves, SbAbaIn showed strong expression in early grains, and SbMYC2.1g showed high expression levels in mature pollen. In anti-aphid strains at the 5-leaf stage, SbAbaIn, SbLHW.4g and SbLHW.2g were significantly induced in leaves, while SbbHLH35.7g displayed the highest expression level in panicle tissue, which was significantly induced by the infection of head smut. Promoter cis-element analysis identified methyl jasmonate (MJ), abscisic acid (ABA), salicylic acid (SA) and MYB-binding sites related to drought-stress inducibility. Furthermore, genomic resequencing data analysis revealed natural allelic DNA variations such as single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and insertion-deletion (INDEL) for the key SbMYCs. Protein interaction network analysis using STRING indicated that SbAbaIn interacts with TIFYdomain protein, and SbbHLH35.7g interacts with MDR and imporin. SbMYCs exhibited temporal and spatial expression patterns and played vital roles during the sorghum development. Infestation by sugarcane aphids and head smut fungi induced the expression of SbAbaIn and SbbHLH35.7g, respectively. SbAbaIn modulated the jasmonic acid (JA) pathway to regulate the expression of defensive genes, conferring resistance to insects. On the other hand, SbbHLH35.7g participated in detoxification reactions to defend against pathogens.