Selection and Validation of Reference Genes in Sudan Grass (Sorghum sudanense (Piper) Stapf) under Various Abiotic Stresses by qRT-PCR.

Wang F, Li P, Liu Q, Nie G, Zhu Y, Zhang X

Published: 3 February 2024 in Genes
Keywords: Sudan grass, abiotic stress, qRT-PCR, reference gene
Pubmed ID: 38397200
DOI: 10.3390/genes15020210

Quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) can screen applicable reference genes of species, and reference genes can be used to reduce experimental errors. Sudan grass (Sorghum sudanense (Piper) Stapf) is a high-yield, abiotic-tolerant annual high-quality forage with a wide range of uses. However, no studies have reported reference genes suitable for Sudan grass. Therefore, we found eight candidate reference genes, including UBQ10, HIS3, UBQ9, Isoform0012931, PP2A, ACP2, eIF4α, and Actin, under salt stress (NaCl), drought stress (DR), acid aluminum stress (AlCl3), and methyl jasmonate treatment (MeJA). By using geNorm, NormFinder, BestKeeper, and RefFinder, we ranked eight reference genes on the basis of their expression stabilities. The results indicated that the best reference gene was PP2A under all treatments. eIF4α can be used in CK, MeJA, NaCl, and DR. HIS3 can serve as the best reference gene in AlCl3. Two target genes (Isoform0007606 and Isoform0002387) belong to drought-stress-response genes, and they are highly expressed in Sudan grass according to transcriptome data. They were used to verify eight candidate reference genes under drought stress. The expression trends of the two most stable reference genes were similar, but the trend in expression for Actin showed a significant difference. The reference genes we screened provided valuable guidance for future research on Sudan grass.