Transcriptomic analysis of developing sorghum grains to detect genes related to cell wall biosynthesis and remodelling.

Costes C, Navarro Sanz S, Calatayud C, Soriano A, Mameri H, Terrier N, Francin-Allami M

Published: 24 January 2024 in BMC genomic data
Keywords: Cell wall polysaccharides, Grain development, Laser microdissection, Sorghum, Transcriptome
Pubmed ID: 38321382
DOI: 10.1186/s12863-024-01198-x

OBJECTIVE: Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) is the fifth most important grain produced in the world. Interest for cultivating sorghum is increasing all over the world in the context of climate change, due to its low input and water requirements. Like other cultivated cereals, sorghum has significant nutritional value thanks to its protein, carbohydrate and dietary fiber content, these latter mainly consisting of cell wall polysaccharides. This work describes for the first time a transcriptomic analysis dedicated to identify the genes involved in the biosynthesis and remodelling of cell walls both in the endosperm and outer layers of sorghum grain during its development. Further analysis of these transcriptomic data will improve our understanding of cell wall assembly, which is a key component of grain quality.DATA DESCRIPTION: This research delineates the steps of our analysis, starting with the cultivation conditions and the grain harvest at different stages of development, followed by the laser microdissection applied to separate the endosperm from the outer layers. It also describes the procedures implemented to generate RNA libraries and to obtain a normalized and filtered table of transcript counts, and finally determine the number of putative cell wall-related genes already listed in literature.