[Transcriptome Analysis of Plant Growth-promoting Bacteria Alleviating Microplastic and Heavy Metal Combined Pollution Stress in Sorghum].

Liu YQ, Zhao SY, Ren XM, Li YY, Zhang YJ, Zhang H, Han H, Chen ZJ

Published: 13 January 2024 in Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue
Keywords: cadmium (Cd), polyethylene (PE), rhizosphere growth-promoting bacteria, sorghum, transcriptome
Pubmed ID: 38216497
DOI: 10.13227/j.hjkx.202301158

Microplastics can become potential transport carriers of other environmental pollutants (such as heavy metals), so the combined pollution of microplastics and heavy metals has attracted increasing attention from researchers. To explore the mechanism of plant growth-promoting bacteria VY-1 alleviating the combined pollution stress of heavy metals and microplastics in sorghum, the effects of inoculation on biomass and accumulation of heavy metals in sorghum were analyzed using a hydroponics experiment, and the effects of inoculation on gene expression in sorghum were analyzed via transcriptomics. The results showed that the combined pollution of polyethylene (PE) and cadmium (Cd) decreased the dry weight of above-ground and underground parts by 17.04% and 10.36%, respectively, compared with that under the single Cd pollution, which showed that the combined toxicity effect of the combined pollution on plant growth was enhanced. The inoculation of plant growth-promoting bacteria VY-1 could alleviate the toxicity of Cd-PE combined pollution and increase the length of aboveground and underground parts by 33.83% and 73.21% and the dry weight by 56.64% and 33.44%, respectively. Transcriptome sequencing showed that 904 genes were up-regulated after inoculation with VY-1. Inoculation with growth-promoting bacteria VY-1 could up-regulate the expression of several genes in the auxin, abscisic acid, flavonoid synthesis, and lignin biosynthesis pathways, which promoted the response ability of sorghum under Cd-PE combined pollution stress and improved its resistance. The above results indicated that plant growth-promoting bacteria could alleviate the stress of heavy metal and microplastic combined pollution by regulating plant gene expression, which provided a reference for plant-microbial joint remediation of heavy metal and microplastic combined pollution.