Identification of transcriptional networks controlling leaf sheath growth in Sorghum bicolor.

De Riseis S, Harmon FG

Published: 4 January 2024 in BMC research notes
Keywords: FASTQ file, Illumina sequencing, Leaf sheath, RNAseq, Seedling stem, Sorghum bicolor
Pubmed ID: 38167203
DOI: 10.1186/s13104-023-06653-z

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this data set was to identify transcriptional networks that control elongation of seedling leaf sheaths in the C4 grass Sorghum bicolor. One motivation was that leaf sheaths are a primary constituent of stems in grass seedlings; therefore, genes that control growth of this organ are important contributors to successful transition from the seedling stage to the mature plant stage and, ultimately, crop success. Since diurnal rhythms contribute to regulation of signaling networks responsible for growth, a time course representing the late afternoon and early evening was anticipated to pinpoint important control genes for stem growth. Ultimately, the expected outcome was discovery of transcript networks that integrate internal and external signals to fine tune leaf sheath growth and, consequently, plant height.DATA DESCRIPTION: The data set is RNAseq profiling of upper leaf sheaths collected from wild type Sorghum bicolor (BTx623 line) plants at four-hour intervals from 12.5 h after dawn to 20 h after dawn. Global transcript levels in leaves were determined by deep sequencing of mRNA from four individual seedlings at each time point. This data set contains sequences representing the spectrum of mRNAs from individual genes. This data set enables detection of significant changes in gene-level expression caused by the progression of the day from late afternoon to the middle of the night. This data set is useful to identify gene expression networks regulating growth in the leaf sheath, an organ that is a major contributor to the sorghum seedling stem and defines seedling height.