Mapping and Screening of Candidate Gene Regulating the Biomass Yield of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.).

Li M, Cai Q, Liang Y, Zhao Y, Hao Y, Qin Y, Qiao X, Han Y, Li H

Published: 23 January 2024 in International journal of molecular sciences
Keywords: biomass yield, leaf morphology, melatonin, sblob, sorghum
Pubmed ID: 38255870
DOI: 10.3390/ijms25020796

Biomass yield is one of the important traits of sorghum, which is greatly affected by leaf morphology. In this study, a lobed-leaf mutant (sblob) was screened and identified, and its F2 inbred segregating line was constructed. Subsequently, MutMap and whole-genome sequencing were employed to identify the candidate gene (sblob1), the locus of which is Sobic.003G010300. Pfam and homologous analysis indicated that sblob1 encodes a Cytochrome P450 protein and plays a crucial role in the plant serotonin/melatonin biosynthesis pathway. Structural and functional changes in the sblob1 protein were elucidated. Hormone measurements revealed that sblob1 regulates both leaf morphology and sorghum biomass through regulation of the melatonin metabolic pathway. These findings provide valuable insights for further research and the enhancement of breeding programs, emphasizing the potential to optimize biomass yield in sorghum cultivation.