Global Decrease in H3K9 Acetylation in Sorghum Seed Postgermination Stages.

Zhou H, Yuan Z, Han S, He H, Rong J, Guo D, Zhang Y, Zhang D, Liu X, Zhou C

Published: 31 March 2023 in Journal of agricultural and food chemistry
Keywords: H3K9 acetylome, HDAC, Sorghum bicolor, metabolism, seed postgermination, transcriptome
Pubmed ID: 36994885
DOI: 10.1021/acs.jafc.2c08863

Sorghum seed germination is accompanied by increases in nutrient contents and reduced levels of antinutrients and is therefore being applied to food processing. However, the characterization of acetylated histone H3 at lysine residue 9 (H3K9ac) in sorghum postgermination has lagged. In this study, we performed chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing (ChIP-seq) to identify H3K9ac enrichment and obtained transcriptome in postgermination stages. More than 10,000 hypoacetylated genes gained H3K9ac marks in the postgermination stages. In addition, we observed that the expression of the main histone deacetylase (HDAC) genes was elevated. The application of the HDAC inhibitor trichostatin A (TSA) resulted in seed growth arrest, suggesting that the repression of the H3K9ac modification is critical for postgermination. Additionally, we obtained a comprehensive view of abundant genomic changes in H3K9ac-marked regions and transcription between the mock and TSA treatment groups, which suggested that H3K9ac was required in the late stage of autotrophic seedling establishment. Metabolic profiling, transcriptome analyses, and ChIP-seq revealed that H3K9ac is enriched at genes involved in phenylpropanoid, including lignin and flavonoid, biosynthesis. Our results suggest important roles of H3K9ac in sorghum seed postgermination stages.